Coffee Glossary terms

coffee roasting level

Want to find out more about your espresso or coffee beverage? But too embarrassed to ask what those words mean on the menu? Well, don’t worry. We have a collection of terms for you to study and remember.

Coffee Beverages

AMERICANO

A shot of espresso diluted with hot water. This one definitely still has crema on top.

CAPPUCCINO

Cappuccino consists of 1/3 espresso, 1/3 milk and 1/3 soft microfoam. It is basically an espresso shot with foamed steamed milk.

CREMA

This is the best part of espresso. If you don’t find this on top, don’t drink it and get another one with crema on top. Not much is understood what crema is, but it is known to be a foam containing carbon dioxide contained in emulsified oils, forced out by high pressure during the extraction process.americano-v-latte

LIGHT ROAST

No oil. The beans look a little darker in colour. Lighter body and more original flavor.

MEDIUM ROAST

Medium Roast is coffee beans roasted with little or no oils present. This one has more flavor and more of the original characteristics of coffee beans.

DARK ROAST

Coffee beans roasted until they exude oils. They look almost black here. There is a lot of oils present on the surface after this process. As a result it will taste a little bitter but lack of the original flavor of coffee beans.

coffee roasting levelESPRESSO

Concentrated coffee made when hot water is forced at pressure through fine coffee grounds. It is approximately 1oz for single shot and 2oz for double shot. Baristas prefer 8 to 10 bars of pressure and 15 to 25 grams of coffee.

FLAT WHITE

This is basically quite similar to cappuccino but with a lot more foam on top. Think latte proportions.

FRENCH PRESS

This is coffee made by steeping coffee grounds with hot water in a pre-heated glass cylinder and hot water. The lid and plunger is placed on top to contain the heat while allowing the water and coffee to steep. You get French Pressed coffee when the plunger and metal filter pushes the grounds to the bottom and you get freshly brewed Coffee above.

GREEN BEANS

This is unroasted coffee beans but already processed and dried.

LATTE

Latte is basically espresso with a lot of milk and a little bit of foam on top. Anywhere between 8 – 10 ounces or more in total. Skinny latte is espresso with skim milk.

LATTE ART

The pattern formed by rhythmically pouring steamed milk into an espresso drink. You need properly steamed milk to hold a form.

LATTE MACCHIATO

This is latte made by pouring espresso on top of the milk and foam.

MACCHIATO

Macchiato is espresso topped with a dab of foamed steamed milk.

MOCHA

Mocha is a drink made with espresso, chocolate syrup, steamed milk and sometimes topped with whipped cream.

Miscellaneous Terms

BARRISTA

The person who prepares coffee at a coffee bar.

EXTRACTION

Extraction is the process of drawing flavour from the coffee grounds.

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Coffee Glossary terms
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Want to find out more about your espresso or coffee beverage? But too embarrassed to ask what those words mean on the menu? Well, don’t worry. We have a collection of terms for you to study and remember.
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